Protect your vision with regular check-ups for early detection of Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, which is crucial for good vision. This damage is often caused by abnormally high pressure in the eye, leading to a gradual loss of vision. The most common type of glaucoma is called open-angle glaucoma, where the drainage angle of the eye becomes blocked over time, causing fluid buildup and pressure increase. Another type, known as angle-closure glaucoma, occurs when the iris blocks the drainage angle suddenly, leading to a rapid increase in eye pressure.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

One of the most challenging aspects of glaucoma is that it often progresses without any noticeable symptoms. In the early stages, most people with glaucoma do not experience any pain or vision changes, which is why regular eye exams are crucial for early detection. As the disease advances, symptoms may include:
Peripheral vision loss

  • Blind spots in the field of vision
  • Tunnel vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Halos around lights
  • Redness in the eye

Treatment Options for Glaucoma‚Äč

Once diagnosed, glaucoma can be managed with various treatment options, depending on the severity of the condition. These may include


  • Eye drops to reduce eye pressure
  • Oral medications to lower eye pressure
  • Laser therapy to improve drainage in the eye
  • Surgical procedures to create a new drainage channel in the eye

Frequently Asked Questions.

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, leading to vision loss and blindness if left untreated. It’s often associated with elevated pressure inside the eye.

The exact cause of glaucoma is not always known, but it’s often related to increased pressure within the eye (intraocular pressure) due to inadequate drainage of aqueous humor, a fluid inside the eye. However, some cases can occur with normal eye pressure.

While glaucoma can affect anyone, certain factors increase the risk, including age (especially over 60), family history of glaucoma, being of African or Hispanic descent, certain medical conditions (such as diabetes and hypertension), and prolonged use of corticosteroids.

Yes, there are several types, but the two main types are open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type and develops slowly over time. Angle-closure glaucoma is less common but can be acute and requires immediate medical attention.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends that adults with no signs or risk factors for eye disease should have a comprehensive eye exam at age 40. After that, the frequency of exams depends on individual risk factors and the presence of any eye conditions. People at higher risk for glaucoma may need more frequent exams, typically every 1 to 2 years or as recommended by an eye care professional.

Protect your vision, schedule your appointment today!

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